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The Toronto Stock Exchange: By the Numbers Thumbnail

The Toronto Stock Exchange: By the Numbers

The Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX) is the largest in Canada and the 11th largest exchange based on market capitalization.1 The exchange represents a broad range of Canadian businesses and businesses abroad. It includes securities, ETFs, split-share corporations, income trusts and investment funds.

Let’s learn more about the TSX and what you need to know as an investor about the market.

What is the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX)?

Founded in 1861, the TSX is an exchange based in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It opened with 18 stock listings and, as of April 5, 2022, currently has more than 1,500 listed issuers.2

In addition to being a major stock exchange, the TSX is also considered an innovator in securities trading technology.1 They were one of the first major exchanges to adopt electronic trading in 1997 when they traded in their trading floor for a fully digital system.


When researching the TSX, you may also come across the acronym TSE since the TSX originally went by “TSE.” But that all changed in 2001, when the exchange acquired the Canadian Venture Exchange, renamed it the TSX Venture Exchange, and created the TSX Group, which managed both the TSX and the TSX Venture Exchange. With its new name, TSE became TSX.3 Today, the exchanges are managed by the TMX Group, the TSX’s parent company.

What Companies Are Listed on the TSX?

As of August 2019, the TSX had 1,569 listed issuers, and at the end of 2019, it had a total market cap of over $3.2 trillion.4

It’s important to know that the exchange houses all of Canada’s five major commercial banks, including Bank of Montreal (BMO), Royal Bank of Canada (RBC), Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce (CIBC), Bank of Nova Scotia (Scotiabank), and the Toronto-Dominion Bank (TD).

The exchange also lists several of Canada’s top energy companies, including Enbridge, Suncor, TC Energy, and Canadian Natural Resources.

The S&P/TSX Composite Index

Index funds are funds that track a certain market index. One of the most popular index funds in the United States is the S&P 500. The TSX has a similar index, called the S&P/TSX Composite Index. This index is a capitalization-weighted equity index, which means that each individual component of the index is weighted based on its market cap. For example, companies with a higher market cap will receive a higher weighting in the index, while smaller market cap companies will have less of an impact on the overall index.5

The index tracks about 250 of Canada’s largest companies and is a good barometer of the economy in general. It is a benchmark equity index, but it’s also an investable index. Individual investors can access it through ETFs and mutual funds that track the S&P/TSX Composite Index.6

Canada is a massive player in the global economy, so it’s no surprise that they’re home to one of the world’s largest exchanges. The TSX is important for investors, and investing in it can be a major part of many Canadians’ portfolio strategies.

  1. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Toronto-Stock-Exchange
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toronto_Stock_Exchange
  3. https://financialpost.com/investing/timeline-160-years-of-the-toronto-stock-exchange
  4. https://www.tmx.com/resource/en/711
  5. https://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/capitalizationweightedindex.asp
  6. https://www.investopedia.com/terms/s/sp-tsx-composite-index.asp

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